PAPER & PAPERBOARD PRODUCTION & CONSUMPTION FOR USA

HOME COUNTRY WISE STATISTICS
S.N. Particular   Time of Information Source
01 Country USA    
02 Population (Million) 318.2 2014 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/
03 Total Pulp/Paper/Paperboard Production 73.093 2014 FAO
03.1 Corrugated/Packaging 45.979
03.2 Newsprint 1.921
03.3 Writing & printing 15.363
03.4 Others 9.7
04 Import 10.023
05 Export 12.066
06 Net Consumption 71.050
07 Per Capita Consumption (Kg./year/person) 222.0
08.0 Recovered Paper: Collection 46.421
08.1                              Import 0.783
08.2                              Export 19.123
08.4                              Consumption/Usage 28.081
09.0 Wood Pulp:           Production 47.803
09.1                              Import 5.756
09.2                              Export 7.875
09.4                              Consumption/Usage 45.684
10 No. of Pulp/Paper Mills      
11 Main Raw Materials      
12 Major Companies IP, Domtar    

All Production, Import, Export and Net Consumption numbers are in Million Metric Tons (1,000,000,000 Kg.)
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Paper & Paperboard Recovery (Source ISRI )

Recovered fiber, also known as recovered paper and board, is one of the most widely recycled materials in the world. Since 1990, Americans have recycled nearly 1.1 billion tons of recovered fiber as the recovery rate for paper and paperboard in the United States increased by 30 percent to reach 65.4 percent in 2014. The paper recycling segment of the scrap recycling industry collects, sorts, and processes the recovered fiber into specification grade products that were valued at $7.8 billion in 2014. These products are sold and transported to paper mills at home and worldwide for production into new packaging, office paper, tissue, newsprint, and a multitude of other paper products.

In the United States, approximately 76 percent of paper mills rely on recovered fiber to make some or all of their products due in part to recovered paperís significant cost and energy savings. In addition, the paper and fiber recovered in the United States helps to meet growing overseas demand: recovered paper was exported to more than 85 different countries last year at a value of approximately $3.2 billion, not including the tremendous environmental benefits and energy savings, while significantly helping our balance of trade.

The US recovered 52.0 Million Ton of paper in 2015 and this accounts for 66.8% of paper consumed in US. It is approximately 315 lbs per person in US.

 

Recovered Paper & Recycling Rate from 1991-2015

Use of Recovered Paper in USA pie chart

 
  Supply
(000 tons)
Recovered
(000 tons)
Recovery Rate
1990 86,796 29,112 33.5%
1991 85,071 31,201 36.7%
1992 88,273 33,954 38.5%
1993 91,538 35,460 38.7%
1994 95,718 39,691 41.5%
1995 95,971 42,189 44.0%
1996 94,529 43,076 45.6%
1997 99,557 43,989 44.2%
1998 101,183 45,077 44.6%
1999 105,316 46,818 44.5%
2000 102,810 47,311 46.0%
2001 97,395 46,996 48.3%
2002 98,949 47,645 48.2%
2003 98,018 49,255 50.3%
2004 101,884 50,187 49.3%
2005 99,613 51,272 51.5%
2006 100,665 53,314 53.0%
2007 97,007 54,325 56.0%
2008 89,838 51,822 57.7%
2009 78,711 50,036 63.6%
2010 81,784 51,545 63.0%
2011 78,959 52,767 66.4%
2012 78,619 51,092 65.0%
2013 78,761 50,128 63.6%
2014 78,206 51,171 65.4%
2015 77,895 52,040 66.8%

Source Paperrecycle.org

21.2 million tons of recovered paper was exported to 85 countries including Canada, China, India, South Korea and Mexico in 2014:

• 2.4 million tons of printed news
• 9.7 million tons of corrugated cardboard
• 4.6 million tons of mixed paper
• 0.8 million tons of high-grade paper
• 2.3 million tons of other mechanical paper
• 1.2 million tons of pulp substitutes.

91% of corrugated container and 70% of newspapers consumed were recovered in 2012.

About 36% of the fiber used to make paper products comes from recycled paper.

Corrugated Recovery Hits 91 Percent,

Maintains Top Position As Most-Recycled Packaging Material

WASHINGTON, D.C. (June 6, 2013) In 2012, 91 percent (29 million tons) of the corrugated packaging used in the U.S. was successfully recovered for recycling, maintaining its top position as the most-recycled packaging material.

Recovery for recycling has increased steadily since 1993, when 54.5 percent of old corrugated containers (OCC) was recycled. Recovery is also helped by the widespread access to community paper and paper-based packaging recycling programs. According to the American Forest & Paper Association’s Community Survey, 87 percent (268 million) of the U.S. population have access to curb side or drop-off recycling programs.

Most OCC is used to make new paper products. Of the 91 percent of corrugated that was recovered in 2012, more than 50 percent was used to make new containerboard. An additional 12 percent was used to make recycled paperboard and more than 34 percent was exported.

Where OCC Goes              000 tons                 %

Containerboard                     14,588                50.1

Recycled Paperboard             3,510                 12.0

Packaging & Industrial             484                    1.7

Tissue                                     224                     0.9

Newsprint                               0                          0

Other                                     251                     0.9

Net Exports                         10,007                 34.6

Total                                 29,134                     100

Source: AF&PA

Making strides in newspaper recycling

In the past two decades, NAA’s member newspapers have voluntarily committed to using recycled-content newsprint. Consider these facts:

  • In 1989, 35 percent of all old newspapers were recycled. Today, more than 72 percent of all old newspapers in the United States are recovered and recycled.  That exemplary recovery rate dramatically helps reduce the impact on forests, dependency on imported oil and the need for more landfills.
  • The average amount of recycled-fiber content in newsprint used by U.S. newspapers has increased from 10 percent in 1989 to almost 30 percent today.
  • A typical newspaper can be recycled up to seven times. Because the de-inking process can wear out the material, there is a limit to how many times recovered fibers can be recycled.
  • Not only are old newspapers used to produce recycled newsprint, they also are recycled into other products: cellulose insulation materials, cereal boxes, egg cartons, grocery bags, pencil barrels, tissue paper and more. In many cases, manufacturing of these products is more economical and environmentally friendly than shipping old newspapers to distant mills for recycling.
  • While newspapers continue to demand recycled-content newsprint, the overall supply of newsprint has declined. Over the last decade, some recycled-content newsprint mills have closed while others have shifted from producing newsprint to producing higher grades of paper. Newsprint manufacturers also have a harder time obtaining quality recovered fiber because of increased demand for fiber from export markets.

Making a difference in newspaper production

While all newspapers must comply with Environmental Protection Agency regulations, newspapers represented by NAA have made substantial investments to improve operational efficiency and to reduce their impact on the environment:

  • Since the late 1980s, newspapers have been using soy-based color ink and water-based inks that emit less volatile organic compounds.  The EPA considers VOCs to be a contributor to air pollution because they lead to the formation of ozone in the atmosphere - a component of smog.
  • A number of newspapers have converted from 48-inch to 46-, 44- or 42-inch web widths to reduce the amount of newsprint consumed.
  • Newspapers are using lighter-weight newsprint, which also reduces consumption.
  • Newspapers are moving from wooden pallets to plastic, reusable skids.

Source NAA

Top 5 Wood Pulp Producing Countries (Million Metric Ton in 2014)

Countries Million MT
  Production Imports Exports Net Consumption
World 172.9 57.8 58.6 172.1
USA 47.8 5.8 7.9 45.7
Canada 17.7 0.29 9.7 8.3
Brazil 16.8 0.43 11.0 6.2
Sweden 11.5 0.39 3.5 8.5
Finland 10.5 0.40 3.0 7.9

Top 5 Paper & Paperboard Producing Countries  (Million Metric Ton in 2014)

Countries Million MT
  Production Imports Exports Net Consumption
World 400.2 110.0 111.8 398.5
China 108.8 4.6 7.3 106.0
USA 73.1 10.0 12.1 71.1
Japan 26.5 2.0 1.4 27.1
Germany 22.6 11.4 13.7 20.2
Korea Republic (South) 11.7 1.0 3.3 9.3

Top 5 Recovered Paper Producing/Collection Countries  (Million Metric Ton in 2014)

Countries Million MT
  Production Imports Exports Net Consumption
World 221.1 55.9 55.4 221.6
China 53.7 28.3 1.1 81.0
USA 46.4 0.78 19.1 28.1
Japan 21.8 0.0 4.6 17.2
Germany 15.1 3.96 2.4 16.7
Korea Republic (South) 8.6 1.54 0.48 9.7

Top 5 Wood Pulp Importing Countries  (Million Metric Ton in 2014)

Countries Million MT
  Production Imports Exports Net Consumption
World 172.9 57.8 58.5 172.1
China 10.4 18.7 0.0 29.0
USA 47.8 5.8 7.9 45.7
Germany 2.6 4.7 1.3 6.0
Italy 0.41 3.4 0.0 3.8
The Netherland 0.04 2.4 1.7 0.8

Top 5 Paper & Paperboard Importing Countries  (Million Metric Ton in 2014)

Countries Million MT
  Production Imports Exports Net Consumption
World 400.2 110.0 111.8 398.5
Germany 22.5 11.4 13.7 20.2
USA 73.1 10.0 12.1 71.0
UK 4.4 5.5 1.1 9.3
Italy 8.6 4.9 3.3 10.1
France 8.2 4.8 4.2 8.8

Top 5 Wood Pulp Exporting Countries  (Million Metric Ton in 2014)

Countries Million MT
  Production Imports Exports Net Consumption
World 172.9 57.8 58.6 172.1
Brazil 16.8 0.44 9.8 6.1
Canada 17.7 0.25 9.8 8.4
USA 47.8 5.6 7.9 46.8
Chile 5.2 0.0 4.6 0.62
Indonesia 6.7 1.6 3.8 4.5

Top 5 Non-Wood Pulp Exporting Countries (Million Metric Ton in 2014)

Countries Million MT
  Production Imports Exports Net Consumption
World 13.2 0.41 0.424 13.2
USA 0.245 0012 0.106 0.151
China 7.549 0.064 0.093 7.520
Thailand 0.133 0.010 0.063 0.081
Philippines 0.025 0.0 0.023 0.002
Hungary 0.018 0.0 0.019 0

Top 5 Paper & Paperboard Exporting Countries  (Million Metric Ton in 2014)

Countries Million MT
  Production Imports Exports Net Consumption
World 400.2 110.0 111.8 398.5
Germany 22.5 11.4 13.7 20.3
USA 73.1 10.0 12.1 71.1
Finland 10.4 0.43 9.74 1.10
Sweden 10.4 0.83 9.65 1.6
Canada 11.1 2.64 8.41 5.3

Top 5 Recovered Paper Exporting Countries  (Million Metric Ton in 2014)

Countries Million MT
  Production Imports Exports Net Consumption
World 221.1 55.9 55.4 221.6
USA 46.4 0.78 19.1 28.1
Japan 21.8 0.03 4.6 17.2
UK 8.0 0.14 4.4 3.7
France 7.3 0.84 2.9 5.4
Netherland 2.2 2.11 2.5 1.9

Top 5 Wood Pulp Consuming Countries (Million Metric Ton in 2014)

Countries Million MT
  Production Imports Exports Net Consumption
World 172.9 57.8 58.6 172.1
USA 47.8 5.8 7.9 45.7
China 10.4 18.7 0.05 29.0
Japan 9.1 1.75 0.39 10.4
Sweden 11.5 0.39 3.5 8.5
Canada 17.7 0.29 9.7 8.3

Top 5 Paper & Paperboard Consuming Countries  (Million Metric Ton in 2014)

Countries Million MT
  Production Imports Exports Net Consumption
World 400.2 110.0 111.8 398.5
China 108.8 4.6 7.3 106.0
USA 73.1 10.0 12.1 71.1
Japan 26.5 2.0 1.4 27.1
Germany 22.6 11.4 13.7 20.2
India 10.2 2.4 0.63 12.0