GRADES (TYPES) OF PAPER

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P R S T U V W X Y Z
 

This page contains list of various types of paper based on their end use, process of manufacturing, raw material used etc. Papers can be graded in 'n' numbers of ways and if we count all permutation and combination of grades total grades may well exceed 10000. Some of the major grades classifications are;

1. Based on basis weight
Tissue: Low weight, <40 g/m2
Paper: Medium weight, 40 - 120 g/m2
Paperboard: Medium High weight, 120-200 g/m2
Board: High weight, >200 g/m2
2. Based on Color
Brown: Unbleached
White: Bleached
Colored: Bleached and dyed or pigmented
3. Based on Usage
Industrial: Packaging, wrapping, filtering, electrical etc.
Cultural: Writing, printing, Newspaper, currency etc.
Food: Food wrapping, candy wrapping Coffee filter, tea bag etc.
4. Based on Raw Material
Wood: Contain fibers from wood
Agricultural residue: Fibers from straw, grass or other annual plants
Recycled: Recycle or secondary Fiber
5. Based on Surface Treatment
Coated: Coated with clay or other mineral.
Uncoated: No coating
Laminated: aluminum, poly etc
6. Finish
Fine/Course
calendered/ supercalendered
Machine Finished (MF)/Machine Glazed (MG)
Glazed/Glossed

A

Abrasive Papers, Garnet Paper,  Sandpaper or Glasspaper
Papers covered on one or both sides with abrasive powder, e.g. emery, sandpaper etc.
If garnet is used as abrasive material, it is called Garnet Paper. Garnet paper is mostly used in woodworking.
picture of sandpaper
Absorbent Paper
Papers having the specific characteristic of absorbing liquids such as water and ink. These papers are soft, loosely felted, unsized and bulky e.g. blotting paper.
Acid Free Paper
A type of paper, which does not contain any acidic substance that may affect acid sensitive material. Acid free paper is anti rust and is used for metal wrapping. Also it is recommended to use  acid free paper for photos and paper memorabilia for long life.
Acid Free Tissue Paper are used for storage of cotton and linen costumes.
Acid Proof Paper
A paper that is not affected by acid physically or chemically. This paper is used with substance containing acid.
Account Book Paper
Paper  primarily used for pen and ink writing. It is usually made from cotton fibers or bleached chemical pulp or a mix of two. It has good strength, erasability and resistance to water and ink.
Acoustical Board
A paperboard used primarily as a wall covering to absorb sound. It also has good thermal resistance. It is made in various thicknesses by gluing together thinner boards made from raw materials such as wood, straw or bagasse.
Address Label Paper
Paper made from chemical pulp or a mixture of mechanical and chemical pulp with fairly good strength, and used to make labels for magazines, periodicals, etc. Dyes used to color it are of the acid- and alkali-resistant types to prevent discoloration by the adhesives used.
Adhesive Paper
Base paper for coating with an adhesive, the type depending upon end use.
Agat Marble Paper
Paper printed with blended color bands to simulate agate, or be agate-like in appearance. It is made primarily from chemical pulp and most commonly used as end leaves in bookmaking.
Air Dried Paper
Paper dried by direct contact of heated or ambient air.
Air Filter Paper
A type of paper used for filtration of air to remove suspended particles. (car air filter, vacuum bag etc.)
picture of air filter paper picture of air filter paper           
Air Mail Paper
It is lightweight, high opacity, good quality writing/printing type paper used for letters, flyers and other printed matter to be transported by airlines.
Alabaster Paper
Paper with the appearance of alabaster, achieved by coating it with lead acetate crystals.
Album Paper
Paper used in photographic albums. It has a soft surface which will not wrinkle or cockle when photographs are pasted or glued on it, and when wet with such adhesive, it will not 'bleed'.
Albumen Paper
A coated paper used in photography; the coating is made of albumen (egg whites) and ammonium chloride.
Aligning Paper
A stable paper made from cotton fiber and chemical pulp, having a smooth surface, good printing qualities, erasability, and formation, used as a base for printed lines to make such products as graph paper. It also refers to a special extensible typewriter paper with multipurpose applications, but most particularly for photo-graphic reproduction of various documents (can be stretched to obtain uniform right hand margins).
Alkaline Paper
Paper having pH values greater than 7 and made by using an alkaline sizing process.
Alkali Proof Paper
A paper, either white or colored, which does not discolor when in contact with alkaline materials, such as soap. Careful selection of fibers and coloring matters is necessary, but no particular strength$ requirements need be met. Many book papers are sufficiently alkali-proof and glassine and waxed papers are also satisfactory.
Alligator Imitation Paper
A cover paper embossed to resemble alligator leather. It is used for book cover, wallet and large envelopes.

picture of aligator skin embossed paper             picture of aligator skin embossed paper

Aluminum Paper
A wrapping paper made by mixing aluminum powder in to pulp furnish or by coating the sheet with aluminum powder. It is used in food and tobacco wrapping. When used in general label work, it is referred as silver label paper.
Aluminum Foil Lamination
The combination of thin Aluminum foil with a paper backing used as a positive moisture barrier. Normal combination is kraft backing with Aluminum foil laminated to the kraft by means of asphalt, adhesive, or polyethylene. The Aluminum foil can also be coated with polyethylene.
picture of aluminum lined paper             picture of aluminum lined paper
Amate Paper or Bark Paper
“Papel Amate” and “Papel de Tule” or Bark Paper is handcrafted by the Otomi people or Ñahñús of SanPablito, from the Bajio Region in Mexico. The Otomi people follow up with the tradition and technique that has been passed from generation to generation, for over 2000 years.
picture of amate paper or bark paper
Ammunition Paper
The type of papers used in the manufacture of ammunition such as cartridge paper, which forms the tube section of shotgun shell and basewad paper, which is used in the base of the shell.
picture of cartridge paper
Analytical Filter Paper  
A type of low ash content paper with high filtering rate that does not allow particles or precipitates pass when slutty are poured over it. It is used in chemical labs for analytical testing. 

picture of analytical paper

Announcement Cards Paper 
Cards of paper with matching envelopes generally used for social stationery, announcements, weddings, greetings, etc.
Anti Rust Paper
Paper containing added substances which give it the property of protecting the surfaces of ferrous metals against rusting.
Anti-Tarnish Paper
A term originally applied to tissues used for wrapping silverware, but now used for all papers so prepared that they will not rust or discolor razor blades, needles, silverware, etc. Various fibers are used and weights of paper made; the chief requirements are freedom from acidity and reducible sulfur compounds. Copper salts or other inhibitors are sometimes used for silver tissues.
Antique Paper
Printing paper having good bulk and opacity with rough or matt surface.
Archival Paper
A paper that is made to last for long time and used for long lasting records.
Armature Paper
A very tough and durable rope-fiber paper made up of very long fibers with the appearance and strength similar to vellum. It is primarily used for insulation in electrical armatures.
 
Arrange your office documents in updated drawer tidies
 
Arsenical Paper
A paper containing arsenic as the name suggest. Formerly used in wallpaper and flypaper.  
Art Paper
High quality and rather heavy two-side coated printing paper with smooth surface. The reproduction of fine screen single- and multicolor pictures ("art on paper") requires a paper that has an even, well closed surface and a uniform ink absorption.
Articulating Paper
A paper used by dentists to determine and adjust the bite of human teeth. It is impregnated with a relatively soft vegetable wax to receive and record bite information. Nontoxic colorants contained in the wax are easily transferred to teeth and various synthetic dental materials.
Artificial Parchment
Wood free paper that is produced by fine and extended grinding of certain chemical pulps and/or the admixture of special additives. As a result of the "smeary" grinding, the fiber structure closes homogeneously. It is used e.g. for wrapping meat and sausages or as corrugating medium for biscuit packaging
Asbestos Paper
A fire retardant and heat insulating paper made chiefly from asbestos fiber on a cylinder machine. Generally not over 0.06 of an inch thick.  Asbestos paper production on You Tube
Asbestos Diaphragm Paper
A type of paper containing high-quality asbestos fibers that is used generally to make electrolytic cell separation membranes.
Asbestos Electrical Insulator Paper
A white asbestos fiberbase paper made specifically for high temperature, heat-resistant insulations. It is sometimes treated with plastic or mixed with organic fillers to improve its strength.
Asphalt Laminated Paper
Two sheets of natural kraft paper laminated in a single ply by means of asphalt. This is used as a moisture barrier; also to resist action of weak acids and alkalis.
picture of asphalt laminated paper        picture of asphalt laminated paper
Azure laid Paper
A laid paper usually bluish green in colour having a good writing surface.
picture of azure laid paper

B

Back Liner
The back side layer in a multi-ply paperboard. Normally back liner is made out of inferior grade pulp compared to top liner.
Bacon Paper
A single ply or laminated with grease resistant wrapping, usually made from glassine paper, used to wrap bacon or other fatty meat. Also known as Bacon Wrapper.
Bag Paper
Any paper made to be used in the manufacturing of bags.
Bagasse Paper
Paper made from bagasse pulp.
Bakelite Paper or Hard Paper
A hard sheet made by saturating soft paper with resin, which is then polymerized to a Bakelite like material by drying, curing and pressing under high pressure and temperature.
picture of backlite paper
Bakers' Wrap
A paper used by bakers for wrapping bakery goods. It has high brightness, good finish and strength.
Balloon Paper
A paper used for toy hot air balloon. It is well sized, nonporous and pinhole free.
Banana Paper
Handmade or machine made paper from banana plant  fibers. The amount of fibers in banana stem is very low, only around 5% so it is not very economical.
Banknote or Currency Paper
Used for printing currency. De-facto highest grade of paper. Very high folding endurance, permanency, tensile strength, suitable for 4-colour printing, with watermark and other falsification safeguards such as embedded metal strip. Often contains cotton fibers.
Barograph Paper
Red thin paper coated on one side with a white wax, so that the needle of the barograph leaves a red line on a white ground, sold in rolls and coils and to suit the type of barograph.
Barrier  Paper
Specially treated, coated and/or laminated paper to provide resistance to passage of vapor, gas, moisture, oil, water or other fluids.
Baryta Paper
A paper coated with barium sulfate to give a smooth, low-gloss surface; used chiefly as a base for photographic emulsions.
Base Paper
Refers to paper that will be subsequently be treated, coated or laminated in other ways.
Battery Paper
A strong, alkaline, moisture-absorbent paper inserted between certain types of storage battery plates. It is made with moisture-bearing paste and used to take up any excess moisture.
Beedi or Bidi Wrap Paper
Used for wrapping beedi (east Indian style cigarette) and decorative purposes in different colours.

picture of beedi wrapping paper               picture of beedi wrapping paper

Beer Filter Paper
Filter paper specially made from long fiber pulp, used in the centrifugal clarification of beers.
Beer Mat Board
A heavy, absorbent type of single- or multi-layered paperboard with good printing surface and little distortion when wet and dried again. It is used to make protective mats and coasters for serving beer and other beverages. Also referred to as coaster board. How It's Made: Beer Coasters
Bible Paper
Thin white opaque heavily loaded, used for printing bibles. Not suitable for pen and ink, because of its absorbency.
Binder's Board
Very stiff paperboard used to make covers of case bound books. 
Black Waterproof Paper
An asphalt impregnated paper usually made from jute fibers, used as insulation for roofs, walls, and floor in building construction.
Blade Wrapping Paper
Translucent paper used for individual wrapping of razor blades.
picture of blade wrapping paper
Blanks
A name applied to thick cardboards, coated or uncoated, pasted or unpasted, and made in standard thicknesses with either white or colored liners. They should have maximum smoothness of surface and stiffness. They range from 0.012 to 0.078 of an inch with corresponding ream weights of 120 to 775 pounds (22 x 28-500). Their use is for calendar backs, signs, and window displays.
Bloodproof Paper or Butcher Paper
A high strength paper having maximum resistance to animal blood. It is used for wrapping fresh meat. It is normally sized with wax emulsion or other anti-absorption chemicals.
picture of bloodproof paper or butcher paper          picture of butcher paper
Blotting Paper and Bibulous Paper
An un-sized paper used generally to absorb excess ink from freshly written manuscripts, letters and signatures. The paper used for absorbing excess liquid from microscopy slides.
picture of blotting paper                   picture of bibulous paper

Blotting Paper                                                      Bibulous Paper

Blueprint Paper
Base paper for blue printing. See Diazo Base Paper.
Board
Thick and stiff paper, often consisting of several plies, widely used for packaging or box making purposes. Its grammage normally is higher than 150 g/m2 or thickness is more than 9 point (thousandth of an inch).
Bogus Paper
Bogus refer to a product that is made from recycled fiber or an inferior pulp to imitate higher quality grades. There are bogus back liner, bogus bristol, bogus kraft, bogus wrapping etc. Gray bogus is used for packaging material, void fill, wipes, bedding, and a variety of other industrial and agricultural purposes. It is biodegradable.
Bond Paper
The name "bond" was originally given to a paper, which was used for printing bonds and stock certificates. It is now used in referring to paper used for letterheads and many printing purposes. Important characteristics are finish, strength, freedom from fuzz, and rigidity.
Book Paper
A general term used to define a class or group of papers having in common physical characteristics and properties that make them suitable for printing and other uses i graphic art industry.
 
Category of paper suitable for books, magazines, catalogs, advertising and general printing needs. Book paper is divided into uncoated paper (also called offset paper), coated paper (also called art paper, enamel paper, gloss paper and slick paper) and text paper.
Boxboard
A class of board frequently lined on one or both sides, with good folding properties and used for making box and cartons.
Braille Printing Paper
Used for embossing dot patterns used by blinds in touch reading. It is bulky. The sheet must be smooth so the dots will be pronounced. The caliper should be uniform, so all dots are of same height.
picture of braille paper          picture of braille paper
Bread Wrapping Paper
Used for wrapping sliced bread. It is thin, waxed paper normally made opaque for printing by loading with titanium dioxide.
Bristol Board
A fine quality cardboard made by pasting several sheets together, the middle sheets usually of inferior grade.
Business Form Paper
Used for business forms and data processing such as computer printouts.
Butter Wrapping Paper
Paper, which is used for wrapping butter, margarine etc.
Button Card
Lightweight bristol--white and colors, plain and coated--on which buttons are displayed.
Burnt Paper
Paper, which has been discolored and is brittle, but otherwise intact.

C

Cable Paper
A strong paper suitable for cutting into narrow strips and winding on wire as insulation. High tensile strength is essential.
Calcium Carbonate Paper
A coating of calcium carbonate pigment and binder on kraft paper to improve acid protection.
Calf Paper
A book printing type of paper with a surface looking like leather.
Calico Paper
Type of paper with a surface look like calico mainly used for decoration.
Candy Twisting Tissue
A light-weight paper, generally waxed for wrapping candy kisses, taffy, etc.
picture of candy paper           picture of candy twisting paper
Canvas Paper
Embossed paper with a surface appearance of canvas cloth.
Car Liner Paper
A heavy paper or paperboard made from kraft pulp or waste paper stock.  Used for lining freight cars to protect the contents from dirt and abrasion.
Carbolic Paper
Strong packing paper containing carbolic acid (H2CO3) as an insect repellent.
Carbon Paper
Thin tissue, which has been, carbonized (carbon coated) with a hot melt application of a waxy base and pigment, usually black or blue. Used between plies of a multi-part business form (see manifold form), where the tissue or carbon paper gives up a part of the carbonizing material upon a localized application of pressure, thus creating an image on the receiving (under) sheet.
picture of carbon paper
Carbonizing Paper
Lightweight, uncoated paper made from unbleached chemical and/or mechanical pulps and surfaces coated with a carbon solvent or wax so that it takes up carbon inks and releases them under pressure, duplicating the inked areas being printed.
Carbonless Paper
A paper that uses a chemical reaction between two different contacting coatings to transfer image when pressure is applied.
Cardboard
A thin, stiff paperboard made of pressed paper pulp or sheets of paper pasted together. Used for playing cards, greeting cards, etc. 
Carton board
A rigid wood fibre based packaging material. Carton-board is normally of at least 180 g/m2 substance and 250 microns thickness.
Cartridge paper
Tough, slightly rough surfaced paper used for a variety of purposes such as envelopes; the name comes from the original use for the paper which formed the tube section of a shotgun shell.
Cast Coated Paper
A coated paper with high gloss and absorptivity in which the coating has been allowed to harden or set while in contact with a mirror like polished chrome surface.
Catalogue or Catalog Paper
A light weight, highly opaque and good strength paper typically used for mail order catalogue and telephone directory.
Chart Paper
A paper with the characteristics of bond or ledger papers. It must have good printing and erasing properties and low expansion and contraction with changing humidities. Used for making charts and graphs.
Check or Cheque Paper (MICR)
A strong, durable paper made for the printing of bank checks or cheques. By careful formulations the paper is designed to react against a wide range of ink eradicators. It gives a characteristic coloured stain of "flare up" on contact with acid, alkali, bleach and organic solvents like acetone, benzene, ethanol.
Cheese Wrapping  Paper
Any type of paper used by the food industry to wrap cheese.
picture of cheese wrapping paper          picture of cheese wrapping paper
Chipboard
A paperboard, thicker than cardboard, used for backing sheets on padded writing paper, partitions within boxes, shoeboxes, etc.
Chromo
A term used to describe both papers and boards used for subsequent brush coating. The various qualities are determined both by the actual grade of base material used and the quality of the coating, which may be gummed. Coating may be applied to one or both sides, depending on end use.
Cigarette Paper
This light weight, high strength, unsized paper (grammage 18 to 24g/m2). It normally has approx. 30% calcium carbonate as filler to control the burning rate and match it with tobacco burning rate. Very long fiber such as jute, cotton etc is used to achieve high strength and porosity.
picture of cigrette paper          picture of cigrette  paper
Coarse Paper (also Industrial Paper)
Various grades of papers used for industrial application (abrasive, filter etc.) rather than cultural purposes (writing, printing etc.)
Coated freesheet 
Coated papers containing 10% or less of mechanical pulp in their furnish. 
Coated Paper
Term that applies to paper which has a special coating applied to its surface. Material such as clay, casein, bentonite, talc, applied by means of roller or brush applicators; or plastics applied by means of roll or extrusion coaters.
Coated White Top Liner
White liner that is coated to produce superior printability.
Cockle Finish Paper
A finish that simulates characteristics of hand made paper with a wavy, rippled, puckered finish. The effect is obtained by air drying the paper under minimum tension.
Coffee Filter Paper
Used for coffee filtering. Paper should have no impurities or fillers. It is a wet strength paper and able to withstand boiling water. Synthetic resins are used for to provide wet strength.
picture of coffee filetr paper                 picture of coffee filter paper
Cold Pressed Paper
Finished sheets of paper pressed between cold calenders to produce a slightly textured surface are cold pressed. Pressing the paper through rollers at the end of the papermaking process smooths the surface for printing and writing but still leaves some texture; unlike hot pressed papers made using heated cylinders which are smoother than cold pressed. 
Color-fast papers
Colored papers that will not run when wet or fade under bright light.
Commodity Paper
A classification for low-quality bond and offset papers.
Colored Kraft
Natural or bleached kraft paper to which a dye or pigment has been added.
Condenser Tissue
A very thin paper of uniform thickness, good formation, and especially free from conducting particles. Used as a dielectric between the foils of condensers.
Construction Paper
Sheathing paper, roofing, floor covering, automotive, sound proofing, industrial, pipe covering, refrigerator, and similar felts.
Contact Paper
Contact paper is an adhesive paper used as a covering or lining. Contact has adhesive on one side and decorative surface on other side.
Containerboard
The paperboard components (linerboard, corrugating material and chipboard) used to manufacture corrugated and solid fiberboard. The raw materials used to make containerboard may be virgin cellulose fiber, recycled fiber or a combination of both.
Copier Paper or Laser Paper
Lightweight grades of good quality and dimensionally stable papers used for copying correspondence and documents.
Cork Papers
A cork-like sheet of paper made in a variety of ways depending on its end use. Ground cork is mixed with chemical pulp and proper adhesives and glycerin additives to make a heavyweight sheet for gasketing material. Laminates of thin cork and paper sheets are used to make some types of paper tips. An example of a product using cork is protective packing material made from heavy manila paper coated with a mixture of ground cork and adhesive.
Correspondence Papers
Writing papers in attractive finishes, weights or colors
Corrugated Board
Usually a nine-point board after if has passed through a corrugating machine. When this corrugated board is pasted to another flat sheet of board, it becomes single-faced corrugated board; if pasted on both sides, it becomes double-faced corrugated board or corrugated (shipping) containerboard.
Corrugated Medium or Fluting Media or Media
The wavy center of the wall of a corrugated container, which cushions the product from shock during shipment (see flute). Media can contain up to 100% post-consumer recycled fiber content without reducing its ability to protect the product.
Cotton Paper or Rag Paper
Paper made with a minimum of 25% cotton fiber. Cotton paper is also called rag paper.
Cover Paper or Cover Stock
Any wide variety of fairly heavy plain or embellished papers, which are converted into, covers for books, catalogs, brochures, pamphlets, etc. Good folding qualities, printability, and durability characterize it.
Creamwove Paper
Medium brightness paper now mainly used for computer stationery purposes or school children note books.
Crepe Paper
A light weight paper, normally colored, with crinkly finish used for party decoration..
Cut Sheet
Paper cut in sheets (letter, legal, A, B or any other standard size) to be used in printer, photocopier, fax machines etc.
Cut Stock
Paper cut in 11"x17" or smaller size.

D

Damask Paper
Paper with a finish that resembles linen.
Decalcomania Paper
A type of transfer paper that allows the transfer a printed image to another object such as glass. Also called a decal.
Deed Paper
A highly durable, surface-sized paper made primarily of cotton fibers and selected bleached chemical pulps. It is used for long-term record preservation documents such as deeds.
Diazo Base Paper
The process involves coating of paper with Diazo solutions and a coupler. This is exposed to ultra violet rays coming through the image. The final print is developed by making the coating alkaline. In some cases it is developed by ammonia vapor.
Dielectric Paper
A very thin, electrically nonconductive used for electric insulation in condenser and other devices. It is specifically made  free of metallic and other conductive material.
Directory Paper
A light weight grade of catalog or printing paper with good strength, high opacity and good printability. It is made from a mixture of bleached chemical, semi-chemical, CMP and recycled fiber and used for printing telephone directory.
Document Paper
Document paper is paper with a high ageing resistance. It is woodfree but may also contain rags or be fully made from rags and is used for documents that have to be preserved for a longer period.
Drawing Paper
Dull finished paper that is of good quality and stable enough to withstand erasing.
Duplex Board
Paperboard made with two plies or layers. Normally two layers are formed and joined together at wire part.
Duplex Paper
Paper made with two plies or layers. Normally two layers are formed and joined together at wire part.

E

Electrical Grade Paper
Strong, pin-hole free paper, sometimes impregnated with synthetic resins and made from unbleached Kraft pulp. Electrical insulating paper must neither contain fillers nor conductive contaminants (metals, coal, etc.) nor salts or acids. Lava stone bars are used on rotor and stator to avoid any metal contamination. Cable papers, that are wound around line wires in a spiral-like fashion, are electrical insulating papers with a particularly high strength in machine direction. Electrical grade papers include cable papers, electrolytic papers and capacitor paper.
Enamel Paper
Alternate term for Coated Paper with high gloss finish.
End-leaf Paper
Strong, fine quality papers, either plain or coated and sometimes colored or marbled used at both ends of a book. Also called sheets.
Envelop Paper
The paper made specifically for die cutting and folding of envelopes on high-speed envelop machine.
Esparto Paper
The writing and printing paper made from esparto pulp.
Extensible Kraft
Very strong virgin Kraft papers which stretches (approximately 6%) more in MD and tears less easily than regular Kraft paper.
Extrusion Coated Board
Board that has been covered with a continuous layer of a thermoplastic material, typically polyethylene or polypropylene, by the extrusion coating process i.e. where a thermoplastic material is melted and forced through a narrow slot onto a moving web of board.

F

Fax Base Paper
It is first coated with photo conductive zinc oxide on which images are exposed. Hence electrical conductivity / resistivity is to be controlled to ensure that the image is not conducted through the paper to the other side
Fiberboard
Board made from defibrated wood chips, used as a building board.
Filter Paper
Unsized paper made from chemical pulp, in some cases also with an admixture of rags, sometimes with a wet strength finish. Filtration rate and selectivity, which are both dependent on the number and the size of the pores, can be controlled by specific grinding of the pulps and creping.
Fine Papers
Uncoated writing and printing grade paper including offset, bond, duplicating and photocopying.
Fish Paper
Fish paper or fishpaper is a strong, flexible, fibrous dielectric paper. It resists moderate heat and mechanical injury, and is often used for wrapping coils and insulating stove-top parts. It is hygroscopic and so must be treated with paraffin for use in moist environments. Some fish papers incorporate mica layers to increase the dielectric strength while still giving good mechanical strength. (Fish_paper)
Flame Resistant
Treatment applied to kraft paper to make it resistant to catching on fire (not fire proof—will char but not burst into flame).
Flocked Paper
Paper with a velvet-like, smooth unglazed surface.
Fluorescent Paper
Paper coated or surface treated with fluorescent dye to make it glow in dark. Used for labels, posters and decorative application.
Folding Boxboard
Single or multi-layer paperboard made from primary and/or secondary fibers, sometimes with a coated front, used to make consumer packaging (cartons).
Form Bond
A lightweight commodity paper designed primarily for printed business forms. It is usually made from chemical wood and/or mechanical pulps. Important product qualities include good perforating, folding, punching, and manifolding properties. The most common end use for this grade is carbon-interleaved multi-part computer printout paper, which is marginally punched, cross-perforated, and fanfolded.
Freesheet
Paper that is free of mechanical wood pulp, which is true of virtually all fine printing papers.
Fruit Wrapping Paper
A lightweight tissue used for wrapping fruit for shipment. Sometimes treated chemically to retard decay of the fruit with which it is in contact.

G

Gasket Board
A highly absorbent pulp board, which is chemically treated for use in making gaskets.
Glass Paper
1. This is another or original name of sandpaper. Glass particles were used as abrasive material.
2. Also a completely transparent paper is also known as glass paper.
Glassine Paper
A translucent paper made from highly beaten chemical pulp and subsequently supercalendered.
Glazed Paper
Paper with high gloss or polish, applied to the surface either during the process of manufacture or after the paper is produced, by various methods such as friction glazing, calendering, plating or drying on a Yankee drier.
Grade
Papers are differentiated from each other by their grade. Different grades are distinguished from each other on the basis of their content, appearance, manufacturing history, and/or their end use.
Granite Paper
A paper containing a small percentage of deeply dyed fibers to give a characteristic mottled effect.
Gravure Paper
Paper for gravure printing that has very low print roughness and good wettability of gravure inks.
Gray Board
A homogeneous board made usually of mixed waste papers with or without screenings and mechanical pulp on a continuous board machine, in thickness less then 1 mm.
Greaseproof Board
Paperboard which has been treated or laminated to provide resistance to the penetration of greasy or oily substances. Treatment may include such coatings as casein, lacquer, hot melt polyvinyl, resin or silicate. glassine and other greaseproof papers may be laminated to board to provide this quality.
Greaseproof Paper
A protective wrapping paper made from chemical wood pulps, which are highly hydrated in order that the resulting paper may be resistant to oil and grease.
Green Paper
Immature paper which has not been conditioned or had the opportunity to mature naturally.
Groundwood Papers
A general term applied to a variety of papers made with substantial proportions of mechanical wood pulp together with bleached or unbleached chemical wood pulps (generally sulfite), or a combination of these, and used mainly for printing and converting purposes.
Gummed Paper
The main ingredient in gypsum board is gypsum (calcium sulfate - Ca2SO4), a mineral.. Board is lined with sheet of paper on both sides. This is used for making panel boards for interior partitions, false ceiling etc.
Gypsum Board
The main ingredient in gypsum board is gypsum (calcium sulfate - Ca2SO4), a mineral.. Board is lined with sheet of paper on both sides. This is used for making panel boards for interior partitions, false ceiling etc.

H

Handmade Paper
A sheet of paper, made individually by hand, using a mould and deckle.
Hanging Paper
The raw stock used in making wall paper. The converter usually coats it with a ground coat of clay, and then prints it with any decorative design desired.
Hard Sized Paper
Paper treated with high degree of internal sizing.
Heat Seal Paper
Paper that has an adhesive coating applied to it that requires heat to activate the adhesion properties.
Heat Transfer Paper
The paper used in Thermal transfer printing (Sublimation printing).
Hi-Fi (High Finish) Paper
Machine calendered newsprint.
Hot Pressed Paper
A smooth surfaced paper created by pressing a finished sheet of paper through hot calender is known as hot pressed. Hot pressing results in a smoother surface than cold pressing which flattens but leaves a slight texture. Hot pressed papers are often used by artists who want fine detail whether using pen, pencil, or paint. The medium flows more smoothly across the paper. Hot pressed papers are good for photographic quality prints whether glossy or matte.
Hymnal Paper
Strong, low-finish opaque book paper.
 

I

Index Paper
A stiff, inexpensive paper with a smooth finish. The high bulk but low weight of this paper makes it a popular choice for business reply cards.
Industrial Papers
A very general term, which is used to indicate papers manufactured for industrial uses as opposed to cultural purposes. Thus, building papers, insulating papers, wrapping papers, packaging papers, etc. would be considered industrial papers.
Insect Resistant
Paper treated with insecticide compounds to make it resistant to insect attack.
Insulating Board
A type of board composed of some fibrous material, such as wood or other vegetable fiber, sized throughout, and felted or pressed together in such a way as to contain a large quantity of entrapped or "dead" air. It is made either by cementing together several thin layers or forming a non-laminated layer of the required thickness. It is used in plain or decorative finishes for interior walls and ceilings in thicknesses of 0.5 and 1 inch (in some cases up to 3 inches) and also as a water-repellent finish for house sheathing. Desirable properties are low thermal conductivity, moisture resistance, fire resistance, permanency, vermin and insect resistance, and structural strength. No single material combines all these properties but all should be permanent and should be treated to resist moisture absorption.
Ivory Board
High-quality board made in white or colors with a bright, clear appearance, particularly used for visiting cards and similar high-class printed work. Original Ivory Board was and still is made in Holland, although the grade is made in many countries.

J

Japan Paper
An imitation of the Japanese vellum paper in which the fibers are very long and have a very irregular formation, giving the surface a characteristic mottled effect. Used for greeting cards, novelties and artistic printing of various types. The real Japanese paper is made from very long native fibers, such as paper mulberry, mitsumata, etc.
Jute Paper
Any paper made from jute fiber or burlap waste. The fiber is long and the paper has high strength and good folding properties. The name is becoming misleading because of its application to fiber furnishes which contain little or no jute.

K

Kraft Bag Paper
A paper made of sulfate pulp and used in the manufacture of paper bags. It normally has a greater bulk and a rougher surface than the usual kraft wrapping paper.
Kraft liner
Paperboard of grammages of 120g and more, generally made from bleached or unbleached sulfate pulp and used as an outer ply in corrugated board.
Kraft Paper
A paper of high strength made from sulfate pulp. Kraft papers vary from unbleached Kraft used for wrapping purposes to fully bleached Kraft used for strong Bond and Ledger papers.
Kraft Waterproof Paper
A highly moisture resistant paper made of sulfate pulp and treated with moisture repellent material such as paraffin wax or asphalt and used for wrapping purposes.
Kraft Wrapping Paper
A group of paper grades made from sulfate pulp using various material and used for general wrapping purposes.

L

Label Paper
Mostly one-side coated papers which must be printable in 4-colour offset and gravure printing. These papers are usually suitable for varnishing, bronzing and punching and sometimes also feature wet strength and alkali resistance (See "Wet strength and alkali resistant paper") in order to en-sure the removal of the labels e.g. in the bottle rinsing machines of breweries
Lace Paper
A medium weight, well sized paper made from bleached chemical pulp, that has high tensile and tear strength.
Laid Paper
Paper that has a laid finish. Commonly used for letterheads and personalized stationery.
Laminated Paper
A paper built up to a desired thickness or a given desired surface by joining together two or more webs or sheets. The papers thus joined may be alike or different; a totally different material, such as foil, may be laminated with paper.
Laminated Linerboard
Two or more plies of linerboard adhered to one another for increased structural stability.
Latex Paper
A type of paper that has been made from pulp in which a latex emulsion is added. It is used as a coating after the sheet is made or impregnated in to the sheet.
Ledger Paper
A strong paper usually made for accounting and records. It is similar to Bond paper in its erasure and pen writing characteristics.
Lens Paper
A soft, lightweight, nonabrasive tissue made from bleached pulp. It is used to make wrapping and polishing paper for eyeglasses, camera and other optical lenses.
Light Weight Coated (LWC)
Coating applied at 7-10 g/m2 on one or both sides of the paper
Light Weight Paper
Papers having a grammage (basis weight) normally less than 40 g/m2.
Lightproof Paper
Paper made specifically to stop light transmission.
Linen Paper
Paper with a finish that resembles linen cloth.
Linear Paper
A watermarked sheet with lines to guide the user.
Liner
A creased fiberboard sheet inserted as a sleeve in a container and covering all side walls. Used to provide extra stacking strength or cushioning. Also used as a short hand for "linerboard" or facing."
Linerboard
The inner and outer layers of paper that form the wall of a corrugated board.
Litmus Paper
An absorbent paper saturated with, litmus, a water-soluble dye extracted from certain lichens. The resulting piece of paper becomes a pH indicator, used to test materials for acidity. Blue litmus paper turns red under acidic conditions and red litmus paper turns blue under basic conditions, the color change occurring over the pH range 4.5-8.3 (at 25°C).

M

Machine Coated aka On Machine Coated
Paper coated one side or both side during papermaking.
Magazine Paper
Any paper made to be used for printing magazine, books or periodicals etc..
Manifold Paper
A light weight bond paper used for making carbon or manifold copies or for airmail correspondence.
Manila
A semi-bleached chemical sulfate paper. Not as strong as Kraft, but have better printing qualities.
Map Paper
Paper used for making maps must be subject to minimum change in dimensions with moisture to avoid poor register of colors. Wet strength properties are often demanded.
Marble Paper
A type of paper having surface pattern that of marble.
Matrix Paper
A bulky, absorbent paper used for making moulds for casting printing plates. It must have high compressibility and strength when wet, and become rigid and hard when moulded and dried. It is sometimes made by allowing a thin web to wind up on the cylinder of a wet-machine and cutting it off when of the proper thickness.
Matt Finished Paper
A dull finish paper.
Mechanical Paper
This paper contains mechanical pulp, thermo-mechanical pulp (TMP) or chemi-thermo-mechanical pulp (CTMP) and also chemical pulp. The shares of chemical and mechanical pulp vary depending on the application. Highly mechanical papers such as newsprint tend to yellow more rapidly if exposed to light and oxygen than woodfree papers so that they are mainly used for short-lived products. In printing papers the mechanical pulp improves opacity.
Medical Grade Papers
These are various grades of paper used by medical professionals in examination room, surgery room  etc. The grade includes disposable hospital gowns, surgical curtains, specialty wipes and doctor rolls. Medical grade paper possesses a high level of heat seal-ability and peel-ability, while maintaining a water repellent finish and superior bacteria barrier qualities.
 
Paper for use in medical packaging, must possess a number of characteristics. It must be compatible with commonly used sterilization processes. It must provide a strong barrier to bacterial penetration. It must run smoothly on a variety of packaging equipment without creating static electricity that could attract airborne particles. It must have a smooth surface that enables clear graphics. It must not break down in moist or wet conditions. It must be clean peeling. Opening a package shouldn't trigger the release of fibers that could threaten a clean environment. And of course it should be strong enough to resist tearing.
Mellow Paper
Type of paper that are characteristically soft and have been allowed to mature.
Metalization Base Paper
Paper used for very high vacuum deposition. Metals are vaporized at low temperature but very high vacuum and deposited on paper. Base paper is light weight, no conductive particles and no pin holes.
Metallic Paper
The term "metallic paper" refers to paper that has been coated with very finely ground mica crystal particles. The particles cannot be felt and the paper is very smooth. Mica-coated papers reflect light and have a beautiful unique shimmer or pearlescence. The look is almost metallic - the reason that these papers are referred to as "metallic papers". However, no metallic substances are used.
picture of metallic paper                   picture of metallic paper
MF
Machine finished. Smooth paper calendered on the paper machine.
MG
Machine glazed. Paper with a glossy finish on one side produced on the paper machine by a Yankee cylinder.
Millboard
A thick, dense, homogeneous board, for book production, made generally from wastepaper, on a special board making machine one sheet at a time. Used in binding case bound books, ledgers etc. as binders’ boards.
Mulberry Paper
This term is given to a wide range of actual handmade and "handmade" papers. "Handmade" meaning that is has the rough look of actual handmade paper but it is in fact mass produced by machine.

Many mulberry papers are made from Kozo and other similar fibers. Some in fact do contain mulberry bark and/or fibers.

It is easy to recognize Mulberry papers as they generally have distinct fibers running through the papers. There are some mulberry papers that have finer fibers that are not as noticeable but a large majority have the easy to recognize large fibers. It is very pretty stuff and can be used in all sorts of crafts applications.

picture of mulberry paper

N

Natural Colored Papers or Self Colored Papers
Papers where color is that obtained only from wood fibers used to make it. No dye or pigment is added.
Newsprint
A paper manufactured mostly from mechanical pulps specifically for the printing of newspaper. Pulp and Paper Product Council provides the following definition for newsprint.
A general term used to describe paper between 40 g/m2 and 57 g/m2 generally used in the publication of newspapers. The furnish is largely mechanical wood pulp with some chemical wood pulp.
 

North America

The definition of newsprint used by the PPPC for statistical purposes is as follows:  

Grammage
Colour
Caliper
Brightness
Ash Content
Sizing
Smoothness
40 - 57 grams per square metre;
white or slightly coloured;
under 100.0 microns (0.00394 inches);
less than or equal to 65 ISO;
not exceeding 8.0% by weight;
unsized or lightly sized;
greater than or equal to 2.61 PPS :m (S10) 

Western Europe

Newsprint is that quality of paper used chiefly for the publication of newspapers and which has a basis weight of 40 - 57 grams. Other properties correspond to the EU harmonized definition, with a brightness up to and including 71 ISO. 
Grammage
Colour
Brightness
Ash content
Smoothness
Bulky Factor
Furnish 
40 - 57 grams per square metre;
white or slightly coloured;
59 - 71ISO;
not exceeding 10 percent by weight;
not exceeding 200 seconds BEKK;
below 1.7;
not less than 65 percent mechanical pulp by weight. 


Rest of World

Uncoated paper of a kind used for the printing of newspapers, of which not less than 65% by weight of the total fibre content consists of wood fibres obtained by a mechanical or chemi-mechanical process, unsized or very lightly sized, having a surface roughness Parker Print Surf (1 MPa) on each side exceeding 2.5 micrometres (microns), weighing not less than 40g/m2 and not more than 65g/m2.

For PPPC definition of some other common grades of pulp and paper, please visit http://www.pppc.org/en/1_0/index.html

 

O

Oatmeal Paper
A paper such as wallpaper to which fine sawdust is added to its stock.
Offset Paper
Also known as book paper. General description of any paper primarily suited for offset printing. Can be coated or uncoated. Characterized by strength, dimensional stability, lack of curl and freedom from foreign surface material. Finish can be vellum or smooth.
One Time Carbon Base Paper
Unlike regular carbon paper which is used multiple time, one time carbon as name suggest is used only once e.g. government form. The specification on this paper is not as stringent as regular carbon paper.
Onionskin Paper
A lightweight, bond-type, thin and semitransparent paper used for duplicate copies of typed matter to save filing space.

P

Packaging Paper
A paper or paperboard used for wrapping or packing good.
Paper
A homogeneous sheet formed by irregularly interviewing cellulose fibers.
Paperboard
A heavy weight, thick, rigid and single or multi-layer sheet. What differentiates paperboard from paper is the weight of the sheet. If paperboard is very heavy it is called Board. Paper heavier than 150 gram per meter square are normally called Paperboard and paperboard heavier than 500 gram per meter square are called board.
Papeterie
A paper used for greeting cards, stationery, etc…which is distinctive from regular stock in that special watermarks and embossing may be used.
Parchment
A sheet of writing material made from the skins of goats or other animals. Vegetable or imitation parchment is made to resemble animal parchment by passing a sheet of unsized, pure fiber paper through a bath of sulfuric acid and then washing it very thoroughly and drying. The acid gelatinizes the surface fibers and the dried surface is grease-proof, has a high wet strength and is very resistant to disintegration by water and many solutions.
Pattern Paper
A type of high-strength paper used by designers and tailors for making patterns.
Permanent Paper
A paper that can resist large chemical and physical changes over and extended time (several hundred years). This paper is generally acid-free with alkaline reserve and a reasonably high initial strength.
Pharmaceutical Paper
Laminating grades base paper that can be laminated to foil and used in blister packaging.
Photographic Paper
The base paper used for the production of photographic papers is a dimensionally stable, chemically neutral chemical pulp paper with wet strength properties, that must be free from contaminants. Today papers are coated on both sides with a thin polyethylene film. The cooking prevents chemicals and water entering the paper during development. This also permits shorter rinsing and drying cycles.
Playing Card Stock
A stiff board, usually made by pasting sheets of fourdrinier paper, and given a coating which will take a high polish.
Pleading Paper
Also known as Ruled and Numbered paper, pleading paper is used in the legal community and refers to paper that has been pre-printed with a single ruled line 3/8″ in from the right edge of the paper and a double ruled line 1 1/2 inches in from the left edge of the paper. Also, each row going down the left margin is numbered. On 8 1/2″ x 11″ paper, the rows are numbered 1-28 or 1-25 depending on local requirements.
Poly Extrusion Paper
Paper used for plastic extrusion. Hot melted plastic is applied at the paper surface, so the base paper should be able to withstand heat.
Postcard Board
Postcard board is either slightly mechanical or woodfree and calendered.
Post-Consumer Waste Paper
Waste paper materials recovered after being used by consumers.
Poster Paper
Poster paper is a highly mechanical, highly filled, mostly coloured paper that has been made weather resistant by sizing.
Pre-Consumer Waste Paper
Paper recovered after the papermaking process, but before used by a consumer.
Pressure Sensitive Coated Paper
Paper coated with a self-adhesive material which in dry form (solvent free) is permanently tacky at room temperature. A bond with the receiving surface may be formed by the application of pressure (e.g. by the finger or hand). A permanent adhesive is characterized by relatively high ultimate adhesion and a removable adhesive by low ultimate adhesion. Until the time of application, the adhesive surface should be covered by a suitable release coated paper.
Publishing Paper
On-machine coated printing paper. Suitable for color printing or toning with low grid number or single color printing. Our products in this category includes: Wood-free printing and writing paper, Ivory wood-free printing and writing paper.
Pulp Board
Also known as Printers’ Board, this grade is made from a single web of pulp on a paper making machine, and is produced in various substances. Used for index cards and other general products, these boards may be white or colored.
Pyroxylin Paper
Paper coated with pyroxylin lacquer to make it water resistant and glossy.

R

Rag Paper
Today rag paper is mostly made from vegetable fibres consisting of cellulose, such as cotton, linen, hemp and ramie. Rags are the most precious raw material for the papermaker. Rag papers and rag-containing papers with admixtures of chemical pulp are used for banknotes, deeds, documents, books of account, maps and copperplate engravings and as elegant writing papers. They are also used for special technical applications.
Recovered Paper
Paper recovered for recycling into new paper products. Recovered paper can be collected from industrial sources (scraps, transport packaging, unsold newspapers...) or from household collections (old newspapers and magazines, household packaging).
Recovered Paper Grades
Recovered paper sorted by types in order to be recycled by paper mills. Specific grades are used by paper mills, in order to produce different types of paper and boards.
Release Paper
Release paper is used to prevent the sticking of glue, paste or other adhesive substances. Coating paper with silicone yields papers with a surface that prevents adhesion of most substances. Application: cover material for self-adhesive papers or films, e.g. in label production.
Rice Paper
A common misnomer applied to lightweight Oriental papers. Rice alone cannot produce a sheet of paper. Rice or wheat straw is used occasionally mixed with other fibers in paper making. The name may be derived from the rice size (starch) once used in Japanese papermaking
Rolling Paper
Rolling papers are small sheets or rolls of paper used to hand or machine roll the tobacco, cannabis etc. to make cigarette or cigar. Rolling papers are made from hemp, flax and/ or rice plant fibers. Rolling papers are same as cigarette paper.
Roofing Paper
Board that is impregnated with tar, bitumen and/or natural asphalt.

S

Sack Paper
High strength kraft paper used for paper sacks.
Safety Paper
Papers with a special protection against abusive imitation. The safeguards are used during the production of the paper. It is also known as anti-falsification paper.
Sanitary Papers
The group of sanitary papers includes cellulose wadding, tissue and crepe paper, made from waste paper and/or chemical pulp - also with admixtures of mechanical pulp. As a consequence of the importance of tissue today, this name is now used internationally as a collective term for sanitary papers. These grades are used to make toilet paper and numerous other sanitary products such as handkerchiefs, kitchen wipes, towels and cosmetic tissues.
Sanitary Tissue Paper
Tissue is a sanitary paper made from chemical or waste paper pulp, sometimes with the admixture of mechanical pulp. It has a closed structure and is only slightly creped. It is so thin that it is hardly used in a single layer. Depending on the requirements the number of layers is multiplied. Creping is made at a dryness content of more than 90 %. The dry creping (unlike with sanitary crepe papers) and the low grammage of a single tissue layer result in a high softness of the tissue products. For consumer products it is normally combined in two or more layers. The flexible and highly absorbent product [is mainly produced from chemical pulp and/or DIP - sometimes also with admixture of groundwood pulp] can also be provided with wet strength. Applications: facial tissues, paper handkerchiefs, napkins, kitchen rolls, paper towels, toilet paper.
Security paper
Paper which includes identification features such as metallic strips and watermarks to assist in detecting fraud and to prevent counterfeiting.
Self Adhesive paper
Used essentially for labeling purposes, this grade has a self-adhesive coating on one side and a surface suitable for printing on the other. The adhesive is protected by a laminate which enables the sheet to be fed through printers or printing machines, the laminate subsequently being stripped when the label is applied
Self Contained paper
A self imaging carbonless paper that does not need the use of any other carbonless stock to make an image appear. When pressure is applied, it causes the chemicals on the front of the sheet to create an image. This paper is used in ribbonless impact printers.
Silicon Treated Paper
A strong paper with a glazed finish that is treated with silicones on one side. This produces a release quality that is necessary for the liners used for pressure sensitive paper.
Single Faced Corrugated Board
Corrugated fiberboard consisting of two layers, one of fluted paper and one of facing.
Sized Paper
Sizing reduces the water absorbency of the paper and thus creates the condition for the writability with ink. Sized paper is also used for many other purposes (printing, coating, gluing, etc.), and the sizing agents must fulfil a wide range of tasks. For instance, they control the water absorbency and increase the ability to retain water and ink (pick resistance).
Solid Fiberboard
Collective term for all solid board grades.
Specialty Paper
The group of specialty papers comprises numerous paper grades, each characterized by particular properties. These properties often require special raw materials.
Spinning Paper
Paper with a particularly high tensile strength in the machine direction; suitable for being spun into yarn or string.
Splice
The joining together of two lengths of paper by their ends.  Used to repair a break or to attain greater continuous length in a roll.  Splices are made using either glues or adhesive tapes.
Splice Tag
A marker put in the edge of a roll to show the location of a splice.  Also called a flag.
Stamp Paper
Paper used for printing postal stamp. Paper should have good printability, high strength, good glueability, permanence and high dimensional stability.
Strawboard
Board made from partially cooked straw, bagasse or grass or a mixture of these.
Suede Paper
Paper that has a velour finish.
Supercalendered Paper
A type of uncoated paper that has been supercalendered to obtain a smooth surface and high gloss than the machine-finished paper. It is used for printed advertising material, catalogues, and magazines.
Surface-Sized
Paper that has been treated with starch or other sizing material at the size press of the paper machine. This term is used interchangeably with the term "tub-sized", although tub-size more properly refers to surface sizing applied as a separate operation where the paper is immersed in a tub of sizing (starch or glue), after which it passes between squeeze rolls and is air dried.
Super Art Paper
Highest grade of art paper with double or triple coating. Coat weight of 25g/m2 per side, with gloss level over 80%, surface feels smooth and shiny, superb printing quality, suitable for high-quality picture books, product catalogues, and refined printing products..
Synthetic Fiber Paper
Papers made from synthetic fibers such as polyamide and polyester, from viscose staple fiber or sometimes also with fillers. The fibers are mainly held together by binders. The durable synthetic fiber papers are used for maps and highly important documents such as driving licenses or vehicle registration books.

T

Tag Paper
A heavy utility grade of paper used to print tags, such as the store tags on clothing. Tag paper must be strong and durable, yet have good affinity for printing inks.
Tea Bag Paper
Used to pack tea leaves. Paper should not have any impurities. It should have high liquid permeability and should withstand boiling water.
Technical Paper
Variety of medium-grammage papers used in different industrial purposes.
Testliner
Mainly produced from waste paper used as even facing for corrugated board or as liner of solid board. They are often produced as duplex (two-layer) paper. The grammage is higher than 125 gsm.
Text Paper
Text papers are defined as fine, high quality uncoated papers. Typically, they are made in various colors, with numerous textures and a variety of surface finishes. Text papers are made from high-grade bleached wood pulp, cotton fibers, or tree-free pulp such as bamboo. Recycled sheets include high quality recycled waste paper and post-consumer waste pulp, in addition to bleached wood pulp, tree-free pulp or cotton fibers.
Thermal Paper
Any paper with a heat-sensitive coating on which an image can be produced by the application of heat. Detailed specification can be viewed at Jujo Thermal Paper
Thin Paper
Includes carbonizing, cigarette, bible, air mail and similar papers.
Tissue
A low weights and thin sheet. Normally a paper sheet weighing less than 40 gram per meter square is called tissue.

At-Home products: Also known as Consumer Products, these are the tissue products you purchase in the grocery store and convenience store for use in your home and include toilet paper and facial tissue, napkins and paper towels, and other special sanitary papers.

Away-from-Home products: Also known as Commercial &Industrial Tissue, these are the products that serve markets such as hospitals, restaurants, businesses, institutions, and janitorial supply firms.

Specialty: These types of tissue papers are often high-end, decorative papers that are glazed, unglazed, or creped, and include wrapping tissue for gifts and dry cleaning, as well as crepe paper for decorating.

Facial tissue: The class of soft, absorbent papers in the sanitary tissue group. Originally used for removal of creams, oil, and so on, from the skin, it is now used in large volume for packaged facial tissue, toilet paper, paper napkins, professional towels, industrial wipes, and for hospital items. Most facial tissue is made of bleached sulfite or sulfate pulp, sometimes mixed with bleached and mechanical pulp, on a single-cylinder or fourdrinier machine. Desirable characteristics are softness, strength, and freedom from lint.

Translucent Drawing Paper
A paper suitable for drawing office use; sufficiently translucent for an image on it to be reproduced by processes using transmitted light and for a design to be traced on it from an original placed beneath it. Such processes include blueprint and diazo.
Transparent Paper
Extended and particularly careful grinding of high quality fibres (hard chemical pulps, rags) yields a raw material permitting the production of transparent paper.
Treated Paper
Papers which have functional characteristics added through special treatment. Among the most common are insect resistant, mold resistant, clay coated, and flame retardant.
Twisting Paper
A paper of high tensile strength in the machine direction which is cut into narrow widths and spun or twisted into yarn or twine.

U

Union Kraft
A packaging material comprising two layers of Kraft paper bonded together by means of a laminate that is resistant to the transmission of water in liquid or vapor form. E.g. bitumen or plastic.
Unglazed Paper
Un-calendered paper.
Un-sized Paper
A paper which has not been sized.
 

V

Vaporproof Paper
Paper or paperboard that has been chemically treated or laminated with vapor barrier so that it will resist the passage of gases or vapor through it. It is typically used for food packaging.
Varnish-Label Paper
Paper made from bleached chemical pulp to be converted in to label which are subsequently varnished.
Vegetable Parchment
Paper that has acquired, by the action of sulfuric acid, a continuous texture. It offers high resistance to disintegration by water and grease.
Vellum Paper
(1) Paper finish that exhibits a toothy surface similar to eggshell or antique and is relatively absorbent for fast ink penetration.
(2) A high-grade paper made to resemble parchments originally made from calf’s skin.
(3) Social and personal stationery is often called vellum.
Velour Paper
A paper with a velvet like finish, produced by flocking the surface with fine bits of rayon, nylon, cotton, or wool, it is sometimes embossed in various patterns.
Velvet Finish Paper
Paper with a smooth finish without any gloss, simulating velvet.
Verdol Paper
A high strength rigid paperboard or pressboard made typically from jute fibers. It is also known as jacquard board.
Vulcanizing Paper
Paper made specifically for treatment with zinc chloride (ZnCl2) and sulfuric acid (H2SO4) to gelatinize the surface cellulose. Vulcanizing converts the paper in to a hard, dense and tough sheet which is used in electrical insulation, luggage, mechanical assemblies and building material.

W

Wadding
A single or multi-layer loosely matted fiber pad made from chemical pulp and used in packaging, thermal insulation and /or acoustical applications. It is also used in diaper and as absorbent material in other sanitary products.
Wall Paper
A paper used for wall covering. Also known as hanging paper.
Washi
Washi comes from wa meaning Japanese and shi meaning paper, and the term is used to describe paper made by hand in the traditional manner.  Washi is commonly made using fibers from the bark of the gampi tree, the mitsumata shrub, or the paper mulberry, but also can be made using bamboo, hemp, rice, and wheat.
Water-Color Paper
A medium weight, hard sized, coarse surface paper, suitable for painting with water based colors.
Water Finished Paper
A high glazed paper produced by moistening the sheet with water or steam during calendering.
Water Resistant Paper
Paper which has been impregnated, coated or laminated to resist the penetration of water.
Waterleaf
A paper with little or no sizing, like blotter, making it very absorbent If dampening is desired, this paper can be sprayed with an atomizer.
Waxed Paper
Nearly woodfree papers that are impregnated with paraffin, wax or wax/paraffin/plastic mixtures. With the appropriate saturation agent and process the product may be tailored for specific applications, e.g. packaging of bread or sweets or wrapping razor blades.
Wet Strength Paper
A chemically treated paper strong enough to withstand tear, rupture or falling apart when saturated with water.
White Top Liner
A two-ply sheet comprised of one bleached and one unbleached layer.
Willesden Paper
Paper made waterproof by immersing in a bath of cuprammonium hydroxide, washing and drying. The treatment partially dissolves and gelatinizes the surface and the final paper is parchment-like, tough, waterproof, rotproof and distasteful to insects. It is used for roof covering and insulating purposes.
Wipes or Wiper
Folded absorbent tissue used for cleaning purpose.
Wood Free Paper
The paper made without using mechanical pulp.
Wove
The Paper having a uniform surface and no discernible marks. Soft, smooth finish, most widely used writing, printing, book and envelope paper. Relatively low opacity, brightness and bulk.
Wrapper
The materials, consisting usually of paper or paperboard, sometimes with treatment for moisture barrier properties, which are used to protect the roll or pile form damage.
Writing Paper
Uncoated paper that is suitable for writing with ink on both sides. The writing must neither bleed nor strike through. Writing paper is always fully sized (See "Sized paper") and also suitable for printing. It can be woodfree or mechanical, depending on the intended purpose. The admixture of fillers makes it less translucent.

X

Xerographic Paper
Copying paper used on photocopier made by Xerox.

Y

Yellow Pages
Used for telephone directory advertising. Paper used for this needs to have high bulk (1.1 to 1.2), high tensile strength of about 2 kg/15 mm in MD and good opacity (90%) so that the fine print made on thin paper like 40 gsm would be readable on both side. Excellent reel build up is required for smooth feeding during printing. This requires every uniform profile of bulk, gsm, caliper, moisture etc.

Who smokes cigarettes anymore? Cigarettes are on the way out. Cigarette and cigar smokers are slowing moving to a tobacco pipe and all it offers. Pipes offer many great shapes, models and tobacco flavors. Pipes have started making a huge comeback in the US and around the world.

Z


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